These guidelines were developed by an interdisciplinary team based on published evidence and expert opinion. As the literature develops best practices may change. They should never be used as a substitute for clinical judgement. Individual providers are responsible for assessing the unique circumstances and needs of each case. Adherence to these guidelines will not ensure successful treatment in every situation. This information is intended for healthcare providers and subject matter experts, it is not intended for use by patients and the general population. These clinical practice guidelines do not set a standard of care, rather they are an educational aid to practice. They do not set a single best course of management, nor do they include all available management options.
These guideline applies to patients in inpatient medical settings. If any of the points are different for pregnant patients, it is noted in each segment of the document.
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Acute Pain and Perioperative Management